Everything you need to know about Nipah Virus; Symptoms, Cure, Prevention

Nipah Virus has been grabbing much attention for quite some time. More than 10 people have succumbed to death in Kerala due to this deadly virus.

Nipah Virus has been grabbing much attention for quite some time. More than 10 people have succumbed to death in Kerala due to this deadly virus. Definitely it has brought many questions in our minds, like, what are the symptoms of symptoms of this virus, the cure and prevention against the Nipah virus.


What is Nipah Virus?


According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), Nipah Virus is a lately rising zoonosis that causes a severe disease in both animals and humans. This virus was first identified in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998. As reported by the WHO, the natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.


The virus can be transferred through infected bats, pigs or humans who have been infected. Humans who were infected by other humans were reported in Bangladesh and India.


What are the symptoms of the infection caused by Nipah Virus? 


Some common signs and symptoms of NiV are



  • headache,

  • fever,

  • nausea,

  • dizziness,

  • drowsiness and

  • mental issues such as confusion. These symptoms can last up to 7-10 days. Watching out for respiratory illness during the early stages is also a must.


How is Nipah Virus infection treated?


The primary treatment is believed to be intensive supportive care. Treatment is majorly pointed on normalizing fever and the neurological symptoms. Ribavirin may alleviate the symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and convulsions.


How can we prevent Nipah Virus Infection?


Prevent farm animals from eating fruit contaminated by bats and avoid consumption of contaminated date palm sap. Healthcare workers caring for patients must ensure to put in place standard precautions like washing hands. Wearing a gown, mask, cap and gloves is also recommended.

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