- Friday | 7th September, 2018
- Thursday | 2nd August, 2018
- Monday | 2nd July, 2018
Delhi and most parts of North India are currently experiencing high pollution levels especially PM 10 and PM 2.5. The air quality once again turned to hazardous levels, making residents feel breathless on Wednesday.
According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) the situation is likely to remain the same for the next 3 days. The situation is currently grim and the people staying in these areas must take precautions during such times to safeguard themselves from respiratory and other illnesses. Here is what the doctors have cautioned people.
"There will be strong dust raising winds throughout the day. This will continue on Friday as well," an India Meteorological Department (IMD) official said.
Try to avoid going outside the house or office unless it is absolutely essential. Plan your day well in advance to do all your purchases in one go. Avoid planning recreational outings during such times.
In case you o have to travel outside office or home, try to travel in closed vehicles like buses, metro trains, local train and cars instead of bikes, scooters, autorickshaws, rickshaws etc. Also, it is advisable to avoid peak traffic time and heavy traffic areas for travelling.
Opening doors and windows facilitate air circulation in the enclosed spaces like homes, offices etc. However, when the pollution levels outside are high, it is best to keep the doors and windows closed in order to prevent poor air quality from polluting the air inside.
Prolonged exposure to Air Pollution can cause a worrisome effect on the health of an apparently healthy person. People who get affected the most due to pollution are children, elderly, pregnant women and people suffering from chronic respiratory illnesses like Asthma, COPD etc. Its advisable to keep wear N95/N99 masks while going out. It is important that these masks are snugly fit around the nose and mouth. Ordinary cloth or surgical masks are not useful to prevent exposure to air pollution.
Doctors often advise us to go for morning walks to stay healthy and fit. However, during days of poor air quality alert, it is advisable not to go out for any form of exercising. The normal breathing rate of human beings is 20 breathes per minute. However, during exercise breathing rate increases to about 60-70 breathes a minute and the volume of air passing through the lungs to keep the body oxygenated is also large. If this large volume of air that is passing through the lungs is polluted, there are more chances of the pollutants getting lodged in the lungs and entering the bloodstream thereby affecting other organs of the body.
To clear the nasal passages from large pollution particles and facilitate normal breathing, it is advisable to inhale steam and do gargling. This helps in expulsion on phlegm which is formed as the body`s natural defence mechanism to fight pollution.
Vitamin-rich food such as guava, orange, lemon, gooseberry etc helps in building immunity to fight ill-effects of pollution. It is preferable to consume natural sources of Vitamin C, however, in case the natural sources are not available, one could take Vitamin C supplements.
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