36% HIV+ don’t know their status

  • | Friday | 1st December, 2023

Lucknow: Approximately 36% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Uttar Pradesh lack awareness regarding their HIV status. They remain largely asymptomatic, refraining from testing, leading to virus transmission to others.This revelation came from an estimation of Uttar Pradesh State AIDS Control Society (UPSACS) on the eve of World AIDS Day. The estimation is based on National AIDS Control Organization NACO routine HIV estimation that uses Spectrum tool, analyzing existing data to update the status of the HIV epidemic in India.The Spectrum uses numbers of new HIV diagnoses (recorded through case surveillance) and HIV-related deaths to estimate trends in new HIV infections and HIV diagnosis rates.The latest fact sheet, released in October this year, estimates 1.94 lakh people living with HIV in the state with only 64% aware of their infection. According to the fact sheet, from 2019 onward there is an improvement in PLHIV knowing their status. From 54% in 2019,it improved to 64% 2022. With extensive outreach in rural areas, screening of pregnant women, blood donors and other patients, we came to know that many PLHIV are unaware of their medical status. The testing has been increased, but the journey ahead is challenging, said Dr Ramesh Srivastav, joint director, UPSACS. Officials said that from April 2022 to October 2023, 9,513 cases of HIV have been identified through extensive testing.He emphasized that they have registered nearly 1.12 lakh PLHIV cases under antiretroviral therapy (ART) at over 55 centres. Dr Srivastav noted over 63,000 cases in high-risk groups (HRG), including female sex workers (FSW), injecting drug users (IDU), transgenders (TG), and men who have sex with men (MSM). Besides HRG, we focus on 55,000 truckers, where the infection rate could be higher than in other groups, he added.We also published the following articles recentlyAt high risk of HIV, They plead for aidProtesters, including sex workers, demanded that the government resume the supply of free condoms to high-risk groups in New Delhi. The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) estimates that Delhi has a 0.3% AIDS prevalence among the 15-49 age group, with over 58,000 HIV-positive individuals. The stoppage of condom supply is feared to lead to an increase in sexually transmitted diseases. The Delhi State AIDS Control Society (DSACS) used to provide free condoms and HIV test kits to high-risk groups, but supply has been halted for eight months.HIV transmission via unsafe sex a big challenge, shows state dataHIV spread through unprotected sex remains a challenge in Maharashtra, although cases from unsafe blood transfusion and vertical transmission are decreasing. The Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society (MSACS) reported a decline in HIV sero positivity from unsafe blood transfusion and mother-to-child transmission. However, the number of sexually transmitted HIV cases continues to pose a challenge, with over 59,000 cases recorded in the state from April to October this year. Roshni Kadam, deputy director of MSACS, highlighted the taboo around sex as a hurdle in eliminating HIV transmission through unsafe sexual activities.Dharwad dist witnesses a major decline in HIV casesDharwad district in Hubballi, India has witnessed a declining trend in HIV cases over the past five years. The district health officers have been working hard to combat the spread of HIV and have achieved significant progress. In 2017-18, the district reported 664 HIV cases, but by October 2023, only 276 cases were reported. The district aims to become AIDS-free in the next few years, aligning with PM Narendra Modis call to make the country AIDS-free by 2030. To achieve this, the Dharwad District AIDS Prevention and Control Unit (DAPACU) has implemented various measures, including information, education, and communication (IEC) programs, regular health check-ups, and support for HIV patients through NGOs like Belaku Mahila Sangh.

If You Like This Story, Support NYOOOZ



Your support to NYOOOZ will help us to continue create and publish news for and from smaller cities, which also need equal voice as much as citizens living in bigger cities have through mainstream media organizations.

Stay updated with all the Lucknow Latest News headlines here. For more exclusive & live news updates from all around India, stay connected with NYOOOZ.

Related Articles