1st study of Kumaon’s largest glacier begins

  • | Thursday | 30th November, 2023

Almora: The glaciers of the Himalayan state have also been impacted by climate change and are continuously shrinking. Scientists at GB Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment in Almora started studying Kumaons Milam Glacier, second largest in the state after Gangotri Glacier. Scientists started the study to know changes on the glacier due to global warming so that the impact of climate change can be predicted and precautionary measures can be listed.Milam Glacier, the largest glacier in Kumaon, is situated 61km from Munsiyari. It stands 4,250 metres above sea level and river Gori Ganga, a tributary of the river Kali, originates from Milam. Recently, scientists visited the spot and collected necessary information about the glacier. Scientists started a study into the matter for the first time. Whatever equipment is required to collect precise data will be provided by the institute, said institute director Sunil Nautiyal. The team is focusing on how much the glacier is retreating and how the rivers flow is changing here. The study will also include the rate of glacier melting, effect on water level of rivers, how much the glacier has shifted since formation, and impact of climate change in Kumaon region, among other things. Previous research on the area suggested the Milam Glacier is melting. The research paper claimed the surface height of Milam Glacier is decreasing annually and expressed concern.We also published the following articles recentlyMelting glaciers endanger mountain villages in PakistanPakistans vulnerable villages in the mountainous north are facing a threat to their future due to melting glaciers caused by global warming. The villages are increasingly under threat from unstable lakes formed by melting glacier ice. When glacial lakes overfill or their banks become unsound, they burst, causing deadly floods that wash out bridges, buildings, and fertile land. The Himalayan glaciers are projected to lose up to 75 percent of their ice by the end of the century. The villages urgently need increased support to adapt to the threats of glacial lake floods.Study reveals effect of climate change on human brainA report published in Nature Climate Change explores how climate change affects human brain function and calls for research on the impact of extreme weather events. Factors such as air pollution, access to nature, and stress related to climate change can have profound effects on the brain. Previous research has shown that changing environmental factors can affect brain development and plasticity in both mice and humans, particularly in cases of poverty. The authors emphasize the need for research on how heatwaves, droughts, hurricanes, forest fires, and floods can alter brain structure and health. They also highlight the role of neuroscience in understanding and addressing climate change.

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