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Our history books never defied us of the intriguing facts and the horror of the tragic Jallianwala Bagh massacre. The place still echoes of the horrific incident.
At some point or the other, we all have heard or read about Jallianwala Bagh. Our history books never defied us of the intriguing facts and the horror of the tragic Jallianwala Bagh massacre. The cold-blooded genocide led to the bloodiest Baisakhi ever. This trembling incident that shook the entire nation took place in Amritsar, Punjab on April 13, 1919. Till date the walls echo of the inhuman atrocities of the British Empire.
On, April 13, 1919, it was a joyous Sunday the day of Baisakhi when a peaceful crowd gathered at the ceremonial ground from the nearby Golden Temple to celebrate the festival. At the same place, Colonel Reginald Dyer marched his men to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire at the entire Jallianwala Bagh. He ordered his soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot and kill. As many as 90 British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Dyer, opened fire at over 20,000 unarmed men, women and children without any warning or order to disperse the mob.
He continued shooting, something like 1650 rounds in all until all shells were worn out. The garden was blocked on all sides by homes and buildings and had a very less number of constricted entrances, most of which were set aside permanently locked.
There is just one chief entrance which was moderately wider but was watched over by troop backed by armoured vehicles -- loaded with machine guns -- since the vehicles were unable to enter through the narrow entrance.
To one side many died due to direct shooting, but a number of people died from the stampede or by suffocation from jumping into a solitary well on the Jallianwala ground to escape bullets
The dead couldn`t be moved from there since a curfew had been declared and many more were killed during the night
Colonel Reginald Dyer
Later Gandhi called for nationwide protests and generations awakened to the tune of independence.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre gave the first spark that burst into flames of the Indian freedom movement, which guided the fall of the British empire.