Deciphering Car Insurance Jargon: A Guide for Indian Drivers


When it comes to car insurance in India, the terminology can often seem like a foreign language, leaving many drivers feeling perplexed and unsure about their coverage. Whether you`re a first-time car owner or a seasoned driver, understanding the basic terms used in car insurance is crucial for making informed decisions and ensuring you have the right protection in place. Let`s unravel some of the fundamental terms commonly used in Indian car insurance:

1. Premium: The premium is the amount you pay to the insurance company to purchase and maintain your car insurance policy. It can be paid annually, semi-annually, or monthly, depending on the terms of your policy.

2. Deductible: The deductible is the portion of any claim that you must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. For example, if you have a deductible of ?1,000 and file a claim for ?10,000 in damages, you would pay ?1,000, and the insurance company would cover the remaining ?9,000.

3. Coverage: Coverage refers to the types of protection provided by your car insurance policy. In India, common types of coverage include:

Third-Party Liability Coverage: This covers damages and injuries caused to third parties (other people and property) in an accident involving your vehicle.
Own Damage Coverage: This covers damages to your own vehicle resulting from accidents, theft, fire, natural disasters, or vandalism.
Personal Accident Cover: This provides compensation in case of death or disability of the owner-driver of the insured vehicle due to an accident.

4. Insured Declared Value (IDV): The Insured Declared Value is the maximum sum insured amount that you can claim in case of total loss or theft of your vehicle. It represents the market value of your vehicle at the time of purchasing or renewing the insurance policy and is calculated based on the manufacturer`s listed selling price and depreciation.

5. No Claim Bonus (NCB): NCB is a discount offered by insurance companies as a reward for not making any claims during the policy period. It accumulates each claim-free year and can result in significant savings on your premium at the time of policy renewal.

6. Add-Ons: Add-ons, also known as riders or endorsements, are additional coverages that you can opt for to enhance your basic insurance policy. Common add-ons in India include zero depreciation cover, engine protection, roadside assistance, and key replacement cover.

7. Exclusions: Exclusions are specific situations or circumstances that are not covered under your insurance policy. It`s essential to review the policy document carefully to understand what is excluded from coverage, such as driving under the influence of alcohol, racing, or using the vehicle for illegal activities.

8. Claim Settlement Ratio: The Claim Settlement Ratio (CSR) is the percentage of claims settled by an insurance company against the total number of claims received during a financial year. A higher CSR indicates a higher probability of your claims being settled by the insurance company.

Understanding these basic terms will empower you to make informed decisions when purchasing or renewing your car insurance policy in India. By familiarizing yourself with these terms and concepts, you can ensure that you have the right coverage in place to protect yourself and your vehicle against unforeseen risks on the road. If you have any questions or need further clarification, don`t hesitate to consult with your insurance provider or agent.

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